The Ethiopian Dream: Immigration


September 7 , 2019 . By Christian Tesfaye



As patriotic as Ethiopians may be, they are given to flight more often than not. It is not so much a lack of love for country as it is a pressure to escape from the vagaries of a developing nation.

Recently, I had the opportunity to meet friends and cousins I have been estranged from for at least two years. Most are in their early to late 20s. They live scattered in the city, working in jobs as diverse as the service and construction sectors. Some work in family businesses, others are employed in organisations, and yet others operate their own business.

But there is one constant. They are all looking for a way out of the country. College graduates not looking for some kind of exit have become endangered species. It seems like no one is ready to state that they are happy with their current status. Worse, few see a bright future for themselves as long as they continue to reside in this country. If there is anything such as an Ethiopian Dream, a local version of the American’s national ethos, ours is immigrating elsewhere for a better future.

It just does not pay to live in Ethiopia. People hardly ever get anywhere through an honest day’s work. It pays much more to have luck, be a shameless exhibitionist and, most of all, have a wealthy family that owns nothing short of a piece of property that can be passed down. Otherwise, one might as well not try.

Take, for example, how many adults in their mid-20s live by themselves. From the dozens of Ethiopians I know my age, only two can boast of having an abode of their own. The same goes for the ownership of cars.

This is a result of the major mismatch between incomes and the cost of living. It is a miracle covering daily needs, let alone saving to buy a car or invest in any kind of profitable venture. Even if we are somehow able to save by cutting costs, by the time we have reached our goal, whatever we had intended to do with our money has already doubled in price.

The people that improve their wealth are not those that are employed but property owners. Short of any innovative approach to growing wealth in Ethiopia by the government, supply is flailing while demand is exploding. Property owners get richer as the value of their assets surge, the cost of living increases to the point only they can afford to survive and everybody else gets squeezed out.

If the state cannot uphold its promise of upward socio-economic mobility to its citizens, can anyone be blamed for wanting to leave?

Naturally, the only remedy to such a state of affairs is to go to a country that can afford to give us a promising socio-economic future. We are a generation who, despite our hard work, are consistently told to ask ourselves what we have done for our country by successive regimes. It is about time we ask just what the government is willing to do for us so we can contribute to the wellbeing of the country.

Socio-economic mobility needs to become part of the national discourse. This is a state that terribly needs a professional class – engineers, doctors and computer scientists – and unless it can make their economic fears and aspirations part of the debate, it will lose them.

There are currently no parties talking about giving the Ethiopian Dream a chance. There is no one promising to fix the economic institutions of the nation to the degree that hard work becomes a conduit to success. Except for the incumbent, not a single party has an economic road map. Most actually support the government’s management of the economy.

This is no mere economic argument. The socio-economic mobility of its citizens is the single most important source of a country’s pride. The primary objective of a state is not the continuation of an idea of a nation but the improvement of the lives of its citizens. Addressing this crucial gap and bringing the focus back to the economic wellbeing of the masses should be the first order of business in orienting the country toward a path citizens can see a future in. Otherwise, immigration will remain the Ethiopian Dream.



PUBLISHED ON Sep 07,2019 [ VOL 20 , NO 1010]



Christian Tesfaye was Fortune’s Op-Ed Editor and currently works as a researcher. He can be reached at [email protected]






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